Open to all students who have validated their secondary education (for example, by passing the "baccalauréat" in France), they take 3 years (6 semesters) to complete.
These degree courses take one year (2 semesters) to complete, and can be entered after a 2-year university course such as a D.U.T. or the first four semesters of a Bachelor's degree. They are designed to allow immediate access to the labour world.
These diplomas, called Technological University Diplomas, which do not fit into the common European architecture (LMD) system, validate a 2-year university vocational course. There is a specific selection procedure for entrance to these courses, at the end of secondary education.
University diploma in science and technology (DEUST)
A degree rewarded at the end of a 2-year vocational training. Admission after a high-school diploma or equivalent training.